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Effect of Benson's Relaxation Technique on Night Pain and Sleep Quality among Adults and Elderly Patients Undergoing Joints Replacement Surgery

Naglaa Abdelmawgoud Ahmed, Samah El Garhy Masry

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Sleep is a basic need as much as food and water, which are necessary for human survival. Sleep is a periodic, reversible state of cognitive and sensory disengagement from the external environment with a complex physiologic and behavioral process essential for rest, repair, wellbeing, and survival. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the effect of Benson's relaxation technique on night pain and sleep quality among adults and elderly patients undergoing joints replacement surgery. A Quasi experimental design was utilized. Setting: The current study was conducted at orthopedic department of Menoufia university hospital. Subjects: A purposive sample of 100 patients with knee or hip replacement who agree to participate in the study. Tools: 1. Structured interviewing questionnaire which consists of socio-demographic data and medical history. 2. The Short Form McGill Pain Questionnaire (SF-MPQ). 3. The Groningen Sleep Quality Scale (GSQS). The main result of this study showed that there was an improvement in the pain scores experienced by subjects in the study group than subjects in control group after intervention. Additionally, there was a statistically significant relation between pain score of studied sample and their age.  Conclusion: Benson's relaxation technique had a positive effect in reducing postoperative pain and improving sleep quality among adults and elderly patients undergoing joints replacement surgeries. Recommendation: Patient's education about relaxation therapy should be implemented with all surgical patients to help in promoting patient's comfort and enhancing tissue healing.

Key words:  Benson's Relaxation Technique, Pain, Quality of Sleep, Joints Replacement

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