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Nursing Practice In The Care Of Victims Of Cranioencephalic Trauma: An Integrative Review

Danielle Oliveira Maciel, Maria Odeise da Paixão Monteiro, Roseneide dos Santos Tavares

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Objective: to know the main nursing care provided to victims of cranioencephalic trauma. Methods: this is an integrative review, the search in the literature was carried out in the databases SciELO, LILACS, BDENF, CUMED and MEDLINE. It was established as inclusion criterion articles available in full, available in the English, Spanish or Portuguese languages, during the period between January 2004 and December 2016. Results: the review was structured through 11 articles, data analysis was conducted in a descriptive way, the studies were grouped into 3 categories. The categories are composed of the knowledge about the cranioencephalic trauma and the main interventions performed by the nurse. Conclusion: the care of victims of TBI is based on following the protocol of advanced life support, prioritizing the lesions with imminent risk of death, preventing the worsening of existing lesions and avoiding the appearance of secondary brain lesions.

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