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The Effect of Educational Intervention on Knowledge and Quality of Life among Diabetic Women

Sahar Mohammed Abdullhameed, Wafaa Mohamed A.E. Shokry

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15520/ijnd.2017.vol7.iss5.224.

Abstract


Educating diabetic women is essential for controlling and improving health status, awareness regarding diabetes and their quality of life. The aim of this study was conducted to determine the impact of educational intervention on knowledge and quality of life among diabetic women. Purposive sampling technique was used, a total number was 40 diabetic women with type2 were included in the study. This study was conducted in diabetes outpatient clinics and medical and surgical departments at General Menouf Hospital at Menouf City in Egypt during 2016-2017. A Structured Interviewing Questionnaire and QOL Questionnaire was developed based on WHOQOL-HIV BREF. A quasi-experimental, prospective study was conducted with one group (diabetic women) using a pre-test and post-test design. The research findings revealed a highly statistically significant improvement in diabetic women' knowledge related to diet management, foot care, symptoms of hyperglycemia, the importance of exercise, and the importance of regular investigation in the post educational intervention in comparison to pre-test at p≤ 0.001.Also, there was a significant improvement in the post educational intervention related to physical, psychological, and socio-environmental aspects of diabetic women' quality of life at p ≤ 0.05. In study conclusion, the knowledge and quality of life were improved among diabetic women through implementing educational intervention at General Menouf Hospital. This study recommends to activating the role of the primary health care centers to participate in making an annual plan for diabetic patients for their education. More programs should be reconstructed to improve the diabetic women’s quality of life.

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